The 1980s witnessed the growth of conservative government, strong foreign policy, and a society defined by the “me generation.” The decade began with Americans worried about issues such as stagflation, troubles in Iran, and renewed tensions with the Soviet Union. Under the leadership of President Ronald Reagan (1981-1989), the economy improved, America won the Cold War against the Soviet Union, and a sense of pride was restored among American citizens. Unfortunately, problems such as AIDS, drugs, homelessness, and massive government deficits also arose under Reagan. Conservativism continued under President George Bush (1989-1993) who, despite victory over Iraq in the Persian Gulf War, could not win re-election over Democrat Bill Clinton in 1992. Under President Clinton (1993-2001), the USA experienced its longest sustained period of economic growth in its history, but faced new problems with international terrorism. The controversial election of 2000 brought George W Bush to the White House. The Bush years (2001-2009) were largely defined by the September 11, 2001 attack and the War on Terrorism. In 2008, Barack Obama (2009-present) was elected as the first African American president, began a liberal domestic agenda centered on universal health care, and announced the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq (2009) and Afghanistan (2014).